Author Topic: Tutkimus: Sosiaaliturva ei ohjaa maahanmuuttovirtoja  (Read 2977 times)

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Offline Mikael Lönnroth

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Tutkimus: Sosiaaliturva ei ohjaa maahanmuuttovirtoja
« on: March 21, 2012, 21:39:14 »

These findings are confirmed when non-EU immigrants are examined. Although there appears to be a positive correlation between unemployment benefit generosity and flows of non-EU migrants, an innovative approach using elaborate statistical techniques show that this correlation is not due to the "welfare magnet- effect. Rather, there is evidence that countries that receive significant numbers of immigrants actually became more generous with welfare and social programs as a result of the population increase.

Another possible explanation for the positive correlation for non-EU immigrants is their slow adjustment in host labor markets leading to higher dependency on welfare, and thus increased social expenditures resulting from immigration. The group's statistical analysis in a related project showed that when comparable groups of natives and immigrants were measured (in terms of age, level of education, and other factors), immigrants’ rates of unemployment benefit receipt were not higher and, in several EU countries, they were even lower than those of the natives.

Based on these results, the authors argue that the key policy issue is not migrants’ abuse of welfare or any inherent tendency of immigrants to receive excessive welfare support. They see the problem lying in Europe’s inability to manage procedures to ensure that immigrants adjust swiftly.

"In terms of policy, there should be a paradigm shift in this discussion - away from the policing of immigrants,- Kahanec says. "We shouldn't be talking about abuse but rather about access. A well-designed immigration policy should include full access to labor markets and social programs for well-qualified immigrant workers. Adjustment of immigrants whose skills do not match those demanded in the host labor market should be facilitated through education and training.- Access-focused policies would increase the innovation potential and dynamics of European economies, Kahanec says, while alleviating their demographic problems.

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Kiitos mh
« Last Edit: March 21, 2012, 22:07:28 by Mikael Lönnroth »
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